LiST has been used for several purposes,including research and advocacy.


Applications of LiST in Peer-Reviewed Journals

These articles are peer-reviewed and use LiST as a modeling tool for program evaluation, strategic planning, and advocacy. They show the many potential applications of the model in for public health researchers and practitioners.

Chou, V.B., et al., Expanding the population coverage of evidence–based interventions with community health workers to save the lives of mothers and children: an analysis of potential global impact using the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). J Glob Health, 2017 7(201702).

Nkonki, L.L., et al., Modelling the cost of community interventions to reduce child mortality in South Africa using the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). BMJ Open, 2017. 7(8): p. e011425.

Keats, E.C., et al., Progress and priorities for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in Kenya: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet Glob Health, 2017. 5(8): p. e782-e795.

Shekar, M., et al., Reaching the global target to reduce stunting: an investment framework. Health Policy Plan, 2017. 32(5): p. 657-668.

Heidkamp, R.A., A. Clermont, and N. Walker, How Can We Reach World Health Assembly 2025 Nutrition Targets? Using the Lives Saved Tool to Support Strategic Planning by the Nutrition Sector in Low-and Middle-Income Countries. The FASEB Journal, 2017. 31(1 Supplement): p. 312.4-312.4.

Vosti, S.A., et al., From Dietary Adequacy for Vitamin A in Children and Folate in Women to Children’s Lives Saved in Cameroon: A Bioeconomic Model to Inform Cost-Effective Policy Choices. The FASEB Journal, 2017. 31(1 Supplement): p. 312.3-312.3.

Hamilton, M., et al., Spectrum-Malaria: a user-friendly projection tool for health impact assessment and strategic planning by malaria control programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria Journal, 2017. 16(1): p. 68.

Higgins-Steele, A., et al., Ending Preventable Child Deaths from Pneumonia and Diarrhoea in Afghanistan: An Analysis of Intervention Coverage Scenarios Using the Lives Saved Tool. J Trop Med, 2017. 2017: p. 3120854.

Yang, Z., et al., Breastfeeding rates in China: a cross-sectional survey and estimate of benefits of improvement. Lancet, 2016. 388 Suppl 1: p. S47.

Johri, M., et al., Adding interventions to mass measles vaccinations in India. Bull World Health Organ, 2016. 94(10): p. 718-727.

Doherty T., et al., Reduction in child mortality in Ethiopia: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys. J Glob Health, 2016, 2(6).

Huicho, L., et al., Child health and nutrition in Peru within an antipoverty political agenda: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet Glob Health, 2016. 4(6): p. e414-26. 

Tam, Y., et al., Remaining missed opportunities of child survival in Peru: modelling mortality impact of universal and equitable coverage of proven interventions. BMC Public Health, 2016. 16(1): p. 1048.

Akseer, N., et al., Coverage and inequalities in maternal and child health interventions in Afghanistan. BMC Public Health, 2016. 16 Suppl 2: p. 797.

Ariff, S. et al., Global Burden, Epidemiologic Trends, and Prevention of Intrapartum-Related Deaths in Low-Resource Settings. Clin Perinatol, 2016. 43(3): p. 593-608.

Arnesan L., et al., An analysis of three levels of scaled-up coverage for 28 interventions to avert stillbirths and maternal, newborn and child mortality in 27 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean with the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). BMC Public Health, 2016. 16(613).

Akseer, N., et al., Achieving maternal and child health gains in Afghanistan: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet Glob Health, 2016. 4(6): p. e395-413. 

Marchant, T., et al., Improved measurement for mothers, newborns and children in the era of the Sustainable Development Goals. J Glob Health, 2016. 6(1): p. 010506.

Bourgeois, A.L., T.F. Wierzba, and R.I. Walker, Status of vaccine research and development for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. Vaccine, 2016. 34(26): p. 2880-6. 

Black, R.E., et al., Reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health: key messages from Disease Control Priorities 3rd Edition. Lancet, 2016.

McGee, S.A., et al., Strategic planning for saving the lives of mothers, newborns and children and preventing stillbirths in KwaZulu-Natal province South Africa: modelling using the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). BMC Public Health, 2016. 16(1): p. 49. 

Besada, D., et al., Niger's Child Survival Success, Contributing Factors and Challenges to Sustainability: A Retrospective Analysis. PLoS One, 2016. 11(1): p. e0146945.

Kanyuka, M., et al., Malawi and Millennium Development Goal 4: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet Glob Health, 2016. 4(3): p. e201-14.

Munos, M., et al., Independent Evaluation of the Rapid Scale-Up Program to Reduce Under-Five Mortality in Burkina Faso. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2016. 94(3): p. 584-95. 

Berti, P., et al., An adequacy evaluation of a maternal health intervention in rural Honduras: the impact of engagement of men and empowerment of women. Rev Panam Salud Publica, 2015, 37(2): p.90-97 

Doherty, T., et al., Assessment of Malawi's success in child mortality reduction through the lens of the Catalytic Initiative Integrated Health Systems Strengthening programme: Retrospective evaluation. J Glob Health, 2015. 5(2): p. 020412. 

George, C.M., et al., Evaluation of the effectiveness of care groups in expanding population coverage of Key child survival interventions and reducing under-5 mortality: a comparative analysis using the lives saved tool (LiST). BMC Public Health, 2015. 15: p. 835.

Byrne, A., A. Hodge, and E. Jimenez-Soto, Accelerating Maternal and Child Health Gains in Papua New Guinea: Modelled Predictions from Closing the Equity Gap Using LiST. Matern Child Health J, 2015. 19(11): p. 2429-37. 

Perry, H., et al., Care Groups II: A Summary of the Child Survival Outcomes Achieved Using Volunteer Community Health Workers in Resource-Constrained Settings. Glob Health Sci Pract, 2015. 3(3): p. 370-81.

Mubiru, D., et al., Evaluation of Integrated Community Case Management in Eight Districts of Central Uganda. PLoS One, 2015. 10(8): p. e0134767.

McPake, B., et al., Cost-effectiveness of community-based practitioner programmes in Ethiopia, Indonesia and Kenya. Bull World Health Organ, 2015. 93(9): p. 631-639a.  

Das, J.K., et al., State of neonatal health care in eight countries of the SAARC region, South Asia: how can we make a difference? Paediatr Int Child Health, 2015. 35(3): p. 174-86.

Jiang, Z., et al., Determining Optimal Strategies to Reduce Maternal and Child Mortality in Rural Areas in Western China: an Assessment Using the Lives Saved Tool. Biomed Environ Sci, 2015. 28(8): p. 606-10.

Afnan-Holmes, H., et al., Tanzania's countdown to 2015: an analysis of two decades of progress and gaps for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health, to inform priorities for post-2015. Lancet Glob Health, 2015. 3(7): p. e396-409.

Head, R., et al., Can mass media interventions reduce child mortality? Lancet, 2015. 386(9988): p. 97-100.

Chola, L., et al., Scaling Up Family Planning to Reduce Maternal and Child Mortality: The Potential Costs and Benefits of Modern Contraceptive Use in South Africa. PLoS One, 2015. 10(6): p. e0130077.

Chola, L., et al., Cost and impact of scaling up interventions to save lives of mothers and children: taking South Africa closer to MDGs 4 and 5. Glob Health Action, 2015. 8: p. 27265.

Chola, L., et al., Reducing diarrhoea deaths in South Africa: costs and effects of scaling up essential interventions to prevent and treat diarrhoea in under-five children. BMC Public Health, 2015. 15: p. 394.

Langston, A.C., D.M. Prosnitz, and E.G. Sarriot, Neglected value of small population-based surveys: a comparison with demographic and health survey data. J Health Popul Nutr, 2015. 33(1): p. 123-36.

Bishai, D., et al., Cost-effectiveness of using a social franchise network to increase uptake of oral rehydration salts and zinc for childhood diarrhea in rural Myanmar. Cost Eff Resour Alloc, 2015. 13: p. 3.

Alfonso, Y.N., et al., Cost-effectiveness analysis of a voucher scheme combined with obstetrical quality improvements: quasi experimental results from Uganda. Health Policy Plan, 2015. 30(1): p. 88-99.             

Michalow, J., et al., Triple return on investment: the cost and impact of 13 interventions that could prevent stillbirths and save the lives of mothers and babies in South Africa. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth, 2015. 15: p. 39.

Jit, M., et al., Thirty years of vaccination in Vietnam: Impact and cost-effectiveness of the national Expanded Programme on Immunization. Vaccine, 2015. 33 Suppl 1: p. A233-9. 

Shillcutt, S.D., et al., Protocol for the economic evaluation of the diarrhea alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salt therapy at scale through private and public providers in rural Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, India. Implement Sci, 2014. 9: p. 164.    

Das, J.K., R.A. Salam, and Z.A. Bhutta, Global burden of childhood diarrhea and interventions. Curr Opin Infect Dis, 2014. 27(5): p. 451-8.

Johri, M., et al., Estimation of maternal and child mortality one year after user-fee elimination: an impact evaluation and modelling study in Burkina Faso. Bull World Health Organ, 2014. 92(10): p. 706-15.

Homer, C.S., et al., The projected effect of scaling up midwifery. Lancet, 2014. 384(9948): p. 1146-57.

Ricca, J., et al., Community-based intervention packages facilitated by NGOs demonstrate plausible evidence for child mortality impact. Health Policy Plan, 2014. 29(2): p. 204-16.

Darmstadt, G.L., et al., Who has been caring for the baby? The Lancet. 384(9938): p. 174-188.

Bhutta, Z.A., et al., Can available interventions end preventable deaths in mothers, newborn babies, and stillbirths, and at what cost? Lancet, 2014. 384(9940): p. 347-70.

Jo, Y., et al., Using the lives saved tool (LiST) to model mHealth impact on neonatal survival in resource-limited settings. PLoS One, 2014. 9(7): p. e102224.

Bartlett, L., et al., The impact and cost of scaling up midwifery and obstetrics in 58 low- and middle-income countries. PLoS One, 2014. 9(6): p. e98550.

Paintain, L.S., et al., Sustaining fragile gains: the need to maintain coverage with long-lasting insecticidal nets for malaria control and likely implications of not doing so. PLoS One, 2013. 8(12): p. e83816.

Curry, L.A., et al., Evaluation of the Ethiopian Millennium Rural Initiative: impact on mortality and cost-effectiveness. PLoS One, 2013. 8(11): p. e79847. 

Acharya, A., et al., Estimating the child health equity potential of improved sanitation in Nepal. BMC Public Health, 2013. 13 Suppl 3: p. S25.

Walker, N., et al., Patterns in coverage of maternal, newborn, and child health interventions: projections of neonatal and under-5 mortality to 2035. Lancet, 2013. 382(9897): p. 1029-38. 

Marsh, A., et al., Using LiST to model potential reduction in under-five mortality in Burkina Faso. BMC Public Health, 2013. 13 Suppl 3: p. S26.  

Adesina, A. and L.A. Bollinger, Estimating the cost-savings associated with bundling maternal and child health interventions: a proposed methodology. BMC Public Health, 2013. 13 Suppl 3: p. S27.

Luo, D.S., et al., [Applicability of lives saved tool in projecting effects of scaling up interventions on reducing maternal mortality rates in the rural area of Guangxi province in China]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao, 2013. 45(3): p. 427-31. 

Lee, L.A., et al., The estimated mortality impact of vaccinations forecast to be administered during 2011-2020 in 73 countries supported by the GAVI Alliance. Vaccine, 2013. 31 Suppl 2: p. B61-72.

Ruhago, G.M., F.N. Ngalesoni, and O.F. Norheim, Addressing inequity to achieve the maternal and child health millennium development goals: looking beyond averages. BMC Public Health, 2012. 12: p. 1119.    

Onarheim, K.H., et al., Prioritizing child health interventions in Ethiopia: modeling impact on child mortality, life expectancy and inequality in age at death. PLoS One, 2012. 7(8): p. e41521. 

Carrera, C., et al., The comparative cost-effectiveness of an equity-focused approach to child survival, health, and nutrition: a modelling approach. Lancet, 2012. 380(9850): p. 1341-51. 

Amouzou, A., O. Habi, and K. Bensaid, Reduction in child mortality in Niger: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. Lancet, 2012. 380(9848): p. 1169-78.

Eisele, T.P., et al., Estimates of child deaths prevented from malaria prevention scale-up in Africa 2001-2010. Malar J, 2012. 11: p. 93.

Vijayaraghavan, M., et al., Economic evaluation of a Child Health Days strategy to deliver multiple maternal and child health interventions in Somalia. J Infect Dis, 2012. 205 Suppl 1: p. S134-40.

Korenromp, E.L., Lives saved from malaria prevention in Africa--evidence to sustain cost-effective gains. Malar J, 2012. 11: p. 94.

Zhang, J.S., Efficacy and effectiveness of 20 child health interventions in China: Systematic review of Chinese literature. J Glob Health, 2011. 1(1): p. 87-95.

Akachi, Y. and R. Atun, Effect of investment in malaria control on child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa in 2002-2008. PLoS One, 2011. 6(6): p. e21309. 

Bhutta, Z.A., et al., Stillbirths: what difference can we make and at what cost? Lancet, 2011. 377(9776): p. 1523-38.

Nakamura, H., et al., Achieving MDG 4 in sub-Saharan Africa: what has contributed to the accelerated child mortality decline in Ghana? PLoS One, 2011. 6(3): p. e17774.

Fischer Walker, C.L., et al., Scaling up diarrhea prevention and treatment interventions: a Lives Saved Tool analysis. PLoS Med, 2011. 8(3): p. e1000428.

Acuin, C.S., et al., Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater regional collaboration. Lancet, 2011. 377(9764): p. 516-25.

Bryce, J., et al., LiST as a catalyst in program planning: experiences from Burkina Faso, Ghana and Malawi. Int J Epidemiol, 2010. 39 Suppl 1: p. i40-7.

Friberg, I.K., et al., Sub-Saharan Africa's mothers, newborns, and children: how many lives could be saved with targeted health interventions? PLoS Med, 2010. 7(6): p. e1000295.

Lawn, J.E., et al., Reducing intrapartum-related deaths and disability: can the health system deliver? Int J Gynaecol Obstet, 2009. 107 Suppl 1: p. S123-40, s140-2.

Masanja, H., et al., Child survival gains in Tanzania: analysis of data from demographic and health surveys. Lancet, 2008. 371(9620): p. 1276-83.

Darmstadt, G.L., et al., Saving newborn lives in Asia and Africa: cost and impact of phased scale-up of interventions within the continuum of care. Health Policy Plan, 2008. 23(2): p. 101-17.

Bryce, J., et al., Can the world afford to save the lives of 6 million children each year? Lancet, 2005. 365(9478): p. 2193-200.

Darmstadt, G.L., et al., Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save? Lancet, 2005. 365(9463): p. 977-88.

Martines, J., et al., Neonatal survival: a call for action. Lancet, 2005. 365(9465): p. 1189-97.


Program Reports and Other Applications

Various NGOs have used LiST as a part of their routine monitoring and evaluation. These published reports document their programs’ successes.


Past Work by LiST Team

The LiST team at the Bloomberg School offers technical support to organizations and groups that would like to use LiST to develop scenarios and projections that could help in their strategic planning.  Here are some sample projects.

Go to past work

Featured News

New LiST nutrition supplement published

 November 29, 2017 – As part of ongoing efforts to refine LiST, inputs for modeling nutrition in LiST were recently updated to incorporate the latest available evidence and current programmatic approaches.

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